The Belt and Road Initiative and Peru: Strategic Vision from the Perspective of South American Physical Integration and Competitive Insertion in Asia-Pacific
Santa Gadea, R. (2018). La Franja y la Ruta y el Perú: Visión Estratégica desde la Perspectiva de la Integración Física Sudamericana y la Inserción Competitiva en Asia-Pacífico. In G. Cunhai and C. Mera (Eds.), La Franja y la Ruta y América Latina: Nuevas Oportunidades y Nuevos Desafíos (pp. 403–457). Beijing: China Intercontinental Press y CECLA. https://cechap.up.edu.pe/wp-content/uploads/La-Franja-y-la-Ruta-y-el-Perú.pdf
It shows that there are matching points between the concepts of the Chinese “Belt and Road Initiative” (BRI), particularly the “economic corridors”, and those of the South American physical integration. Moreover, the analysis of international trade routes between South America and Asia suggest the need for consolidation of a regular and competitive transpacific maritime direct connection. Therefore, the extension of BRI to South America would consist of establishing a transpacific economic corridor. Peru could be the anchor of such a corridor, not only because of its favorable geographical location, but also because of the density of its economic relations and agreements with China, involving the five pillars of the BRI. The challenge for the future is to advance more deeply in the pillar of connectivity.